January-April Speaking Questions - Part 2&3
آرشیو نمونه پاسخ به سوالات اسپیکینگ part 2&3
Describe a (long) car journey you went on
You should say:
where you went
what you did at this place
who you went there with
And explain why you went on that journey by car
On Norooz holiday two years ago, my family went to an island near my city by car. The island was interconnected with the mainland with a bridge, so we could drive all the way there. On the island, we went to the beach, where we went swimming, built sandcastles and took lots of pictures. In the evening, we went to have seafood at the famous night market. The street was packed with people and we had to wait in a line for a table. But the food was totally worth it. My parents decided to drive there because it was difficult to get around on the island without a car. Besides, it was a one-day trip, we wanted to be home early in the evening, so driving seemed to be the best option. It turned out to be a great decision, because it felt so great when we were driving along the coastal roads with the music on and ocean breeze on our faces.
There are many reasons why people like to have private cars. Firstly, with a car, it would be much easier to get around. It can save us a lot of time. Secondly, a lot of people, especially guys, enjoy driving. They like the feeling of sitting in their private car and having everything under their control. Lastly, a car can bring a lot of fun to our life. We can have a road trip with friends or family in our cars.
2. What are the differences between bicycles and private cars?
I have to say that there are many differences between them. Bicycles are more environmentally friendly. And riding bicycles is a good exercise. It's a great choice for short distance trips and it's easy and free to park. However, cars have more room, which allows more people to travel in it. And it's definitely better to drive a car if you want to travel long distances.
3. Is it a good thing that everyone has their own cars?
I don't think so. Even though cars make people's life easier, it would be a disaster if everyone has their own car. The traffic in Iran is already very terrible, especially in big cities. It would most definitely be paralyzed if everyone owns a car. And the parking would be a huge problem. So I think instead of encouraging people to buy more car, governments should pay more attention to improving public transportation system.
4. How to buy private cars in Iran?
I've never bought a car myself. But as far as I know, there are the following steps. First, you go to the car stores to choose a brand and model you want to purchase. Then, you make a down payment. After that, you wait until they inform you to go pick up the car. Finally, you pay your taxes and buy insurance for it. I think that's pretty much it.
5. What's the difference between men and women's preference on cars?
As far as I know, there truly are some very noticeable differences. One is that, women tend to like smaller cars, while men like big ones. So, many women are fans of small sized cars like Mini Cooper and Smart, probably because it's easier to drive and park. And big SUVs usually appeal to men. Another thing is that, women think the appearance of a car is more important than its performance, and men think otherwise. I think it's in their blood.
6. What will cars be like in the future?
To begin with, I think cars will be fancier and more beautiful. When I go to the car exhibition, I can see some concept cars. I think they give us an idea how cars will look like. Secondly, I think more functions and features will be added, as we have seen in Sci -Fi movies. Maybe it can float on water and even fly in the sky. Lastly, cars will definitely be more eco-friendly. I mean, renewable energy like solar energy will replace fossil fuels. To be frank, I can't wait to see how cars will get in the future.
Describe a country or city where you want to live or work in the future
You should say:
Where the country or city is
Why you want to live or work there
Who you like to live or work with
And explain what you do to achieve your dreams
The city I really want to live in is Kyoto city, which is situated in the central area of Japan, not far from Osaka. Kyoto is a perfect combination of natural beauty as well as cultural heritage. Every spring, thousands of tourists visit this amazing city for its cherry blossom. Apart from that, the city is filled with temples and shrines dating back to centuries ago. They are perfect examples of the ancient Japanese architecture. I want to live there in the future with my husband (wife). Together we could explore all the interesting things the city has to offer. In order to achieve this dream, I need to first of all improve my Japanese proficiency, because life would be really difficult if I can't get my message across to the local people. Moreover, saving a decent amount of money would be necessary because Japan is quite an expensive country. But I think it would be worthwhile if I can live there, even just for a couple of years.
To be honest, I prefer living alone and having the apartment to myself. It's not that I don't like to make friends or share things with people, but I do enjoy having more privacy. And if I live alone, I don't have to worry about bothering my roommate whenever I have to come home late at night.
2. What are the advantages and the disadvantages of living alone?
The advantage is that you can get more privacy. So, you can feel more relaxed at home without having to be careful not to disturb anyone. Of course, there are disadvantages too. For instance, when you forget your key at home, instead of calling a roommate, you have to turn to a locksmith for help.
3. What are the advantages of working abroad?
When working in another country, one can get to know the culture of that country well, because interacting with the local people is the best way to learn it. Another advantage is that picking up the language would become much easier, because like it or not, you are surrounded by it. Besides, people will become more independent living far away from home.
Describe a good photo of you taken by someone
You should say:
Where it was taken
When it was taken
Who took it for you
And explain why it was unforgettable for you
The photo I'm going to tell you about is taken by my mother when we were on holiday in Mazandaran last October. We went to Chalous, a very beautiful city in northern Iran. We stayed at a sea view hotel, so we had an easy access to the beautiful sandy beach. One evening, we were relaxing on the beach after dinner. Just as the sun was setting, the sea was glistening, and the clouds were getting dark. It was an amazing sight. I took out my phone and took a great picture of the sight. I didn't know my mother was taking a picture of me at that very moment until she showed me later. In this picture, I was standing on the sand and looking at the beautiful sea with my cellphone is my hands. I loved it very much, so I asked my mother to send it to me. This picture was unforgettable because I only get to meet my mother twice a year now, and that holiday we spent together was a great memory for both of us.
I would choose a photograph of the whole family in my bedroom. Bedroom is quite a private space, I would like to make it cozy and comfortable as my wish. And families always back me up whenever I run into difficulties. So, I would like to see them every morning I open my eyes.
2. Why do some people like taking photos, some don't?
Well, people are different. Some people like to appreciate the beauty in daily life and record them with their cameras, while some other people prefer looking at the scenery with their own eyes. There are also some people who are not very artistic. They can't take very good pictures, therefore they don't bother.
3. Do you like taking photos?
Yes, I do. I'm a fan of photography. Although I can't afford to have professional cameras, I do enjoy taking pictures with my phone. Because of the ever-improving cameras on the smartphones, we can take amazing shots with our phones wherever we go.
4. Do you like to be photographed by strangers?
Not really, because I' m not sure what they will do with the picture. They may use our pictures for wrong or even illegal purposes. So, in order to avoid potential problems, I don't like to be photographed by strangers. You know, better safe than sorry.
Describe a memorable story told by someone
You should say:
Who told you the story
When you heard the story
What the story was about
And explain why you found it memorable
The story that I remember quite clearly is called the Race Between the Hare and the Tortoise. It was told by my father when I was about 5 or 6 years old. The story goes like this: An arrogant hare thought he was the fastest animal in the forest. Quite interestingly, a tortoise wanted to challenge him. The hare laughed very hard because it sounded very ridiculous to him. The tortoise wanted to have a race with him. The race attracted all the animals in the forest. A starting line was made and off the hare and tortoise went. The hare was very fast, so he was far ahead, then he took a rest. The tortoise, however, kept moving forward slowly but surely. By the time the tortoise came up, his opponent was sleeping. The hare didn't wake up until it was too late. The winner was the tortoise. It's a quite simple but meaningful story. It's memorable because the end was very surprising. It also teaches us that, as long as we stick to our goals, we will reach it, no matter what.
The Alchemist. This book inspired me greatly in my hour of darkness. It was a simple and short story: a shepherd boy how to realize his dream. First sold his sheep, then left his hometown and traveled to Egypt. He was fooled and beat along the journey, but he didn't give up. Finally, he took the coveted treasure. I recommend this book to young people, because I want them to remember one thing: if you really desire for something, just go for it. Do not let others' opinions influence you.
2. What kind of stories do children like?
Generally speaking, children are more into fairy tales, because fairy tales are usually easy to understand and there are cute figures in the stories, like an animal character or a lovely princess. I guess that's why Disney movies are always children's favorite.
3. Do you think it's important for parents to read bedtime stories for their children?
Yes, it's very necessary for parents to do so, and it's a sweet thing to do. It can not only help children learn about language and culture but also develop their interest in literature. Besides, children will be closer to their parents if their parents are willing to spend time with them.
4. Do you think reading benefits us or not?
Definitely yes. Reading can help us learn a language, because the words authors use are very good materials for improving our language skills. Apart from that, different kinds of books can offer us knowledge about different topics and can provide us instructions in many aspects of life.
5. How to keep reading habits in your busy life?
I don't have a whole period of time, but more time confetti. So, I will take great advantage of this brief time, like glancing the daily news while waiting for a bus, or listening the pay program while on the subway. And I can always read something I like before going to bed.
Describe a piece of technology (not computer-related) you like to use
You should say:
What the technology is
When it was invented
What it is used for
And explain how you feel about it
This piece of technology that I really like using is Dyson vacuum cleaner, an electric appliance. I don't know exactly when it was invented, to be honest. Regular vacuum cleaners may have been around for many decades, but it seems like the Dyson ones have only been in the market for a couple of years. Unlike the ordinary vacuum cleaners, which are very clumsy, this product looks kind of like a machine gun. It's portable and handy. It can not only be used for cleaning the floor, but also for sanitizing pillows, sofa cushions and things like that. It's very easy to use. I only have to point the head of it to the place or things that need to be cleaned and then pull the trigger, just like firing a gun and the dirt will be sucked into the cleaner easily. I think it's a very useful invention, because it saves a lot of manual and labor work for me. Cleaning the house has now become relaxing or even fun . I'm grateful for this piece of technology.
Technology has its pros and cons. On the one hand, we have an easy access to the lessons that interest us, which will increase our overall knowledge. But if we spend too much time being entertained on the Internet, playing computer games or chatting on line, for instance, then we are more likely to become lazy and aggressive.
2. Do you agree that men are more obsessed with new technology than women?
Generally, it is true that men are more addicted to new technology than women. There are more male computer programmers than the female ones around me. And they would like to talk about the latest technology, like iPhone X, Apple Watch and Mac with great enthusiasm.
3. How to teach older generation to use new technology?
Personally, one of the important steps before teaching older generation should be letting them embrace technology. As a matter of fact, most senior citizens have phobia for technology, be it the computers, Internet or the iPod. So, if we manage to let them pick up new things, technology can be effectively learned.
4. Is there any difference between technology in cities and in small towns?
I think the difference is that some new technologies appear first in big cities before they gain their popularity in smaller towns. And as people in small towns are getting richer, they now have almost equal access to technology, which is a good example of social equality.
5. Do you like to use new technology?
Yes, I do. I'm a big fan of new technology and new gadgets, such as smart phones and tablets. It always makes me very excited when there's a new product coming out. These new products are often user-friendly and can make our life better.
Describe a place where you often visit with your friends or family
You should say:
Where the place is
How you know the place
How you go there
And explain why you want to visit this place
One place that I go with my family on a regular basis is a seaside urban park in our city. It is on the seaside, which is only about 10-minute walk from our home. Since the news said that a new park would be built there several years ago, my family had been waiting for its completion. As it is very close, the best way to get there is on foot. The park is big and very beautiful. There are enormous lawns in it for families to have picnics. There is also a very long track along the shore for running. It's nice to go there for a jog whenever we have time. In the evenings, we can see some families building sand castles or looking for sea crabs on the sand. My family like to visit this park because it's a nice and peaceful place for us to forget the hustle and bustle in life and spend some quality time together.
Yes. I love to hang out with them. On weekends, we eat out together or go to the movies, or even just chat without doing anything in particular. It's great to have some good friends to hang out with, because you can share your happiness and sorrow with each other. I think that's what friends are for.
2. What do you think is the most important thing of being friends?
I think the most important thing is being supportive. We should understand our friends' needs and genuinely support them. True friends are good listeners and they will always stand behind us. Otherwise, they are just fair-weather friends.
3. Do you think that technology makes it easier to make new friends?
Yes. With the advancement of technology, there appeared many new applications for meeting new people, especially people with common interests. There are also some online forums or virtual communities where people can make new friends, but we have to be cautious not to make wrong friends.
4. How could people find reliable friends on the Internet?
I haven't tried making new friends on the Internet. But I think from the conversations we had, I can have a general understanding of who he is, what he likes, and then decide he is a reliable friend or not.
5. Do you like to make friends with older people?
Yes, I like to make friends with older people. They have different views about life and they have gone through much than I did, so they know more than I do. Making friends with them is a blessing for me.
Describe a place you know where people go to listen to music (such as a theatre or a music hall)
You should say:
Where it is
What kind of music is performed there
What type of people go there
Why people go there
And explain your impressions of this place
The place I want to talk about is the symphony hall which is situated in the center of my city. Famous orchestras and musicians from home and abroad perform classical music there. I went there once with my parents to listen to an Azeri orchestra. The sound effect in the hall was amazing! I was overwhelmed by the vigorous melodies. Even after I left, the music still sounded in my ears and heart. I noticed that most people who went to the symphony hall are people my parents age, maybe in their late forties. Not many young people go there, because perhaps it takes more life experience to truly understand and enjoy classical music. People go there when their favorite orchestra or operas are playing, or when they feel stressed from work and life. The music resonating in the hall can calm people down and give them inspirations. When I was in the hall, I felt that it was a solemn and magnificent place. It gave me a better understanding of classical music.
Yes. I think they should, because learning to play an instrument can practice children's coordination of movements, improve their appreciation for the arts and even boost their academic performances. It can give them a better understanding of music and make them enjoy music more. Besides, playing an instrument can be a social skill when they grow up, and life will be less boring with it.
2. Should parents force them to learn music?
I don' t think so. Children should not be forced to do anything, instead they should be guided. Even though learning music has a lot of benefits, it will be painful for a kid if he is forced to do it. Parents should observe their children more and guide them according to their nature. If parents know the tricks, they can develop their children's interest in music.
3. Is music education important in your country?
I'm afraid it isn't. In most schools, teachers merely lead the students to sing songs. Music theories are not taught, so schools are not likely to cultivate future musicians. But these years, more parents send their children to training centers to receive professional music training, which is a good thing.
4. Some people say music is like math, do you agree?
I think it makes sense. I once heard that beneath the sound of music notes were the math concepts and rules. When I take a closer look, they do have a lot in common. Musicians sometimes count out the numbers of beats before they play. Just as a mathematician once said: Music is a secret exercise in arithmetic of the soul, unaware of its act of counting.
5. What effects does technology have on music?
Technology has improved our experience with music in many different ways. Thanks to technology, music companies and studios can record music of a much better quality with new equipment. The music can be very clear and noise free. Apart from that, earphone companies made earphones that are light or even wireless, at the same time with great sound effects, allowing us to have wonderful music experiences that we never had before.
6. What are the advantages of learning music?
Learning music can bring many benefits. To start with, it can be a pleasant experience and help us relieve our stress, because music is beautiful and can touch our souls. Secondly, it can improve our appreciation and taste for the arts. Thirdly, it can make us more confident, imagine what it feels like when we can play some cool music at a party with friends.
Describe a public place that you think needs improvements
You should say:
Where this public place is
What it is like
Why you think it needs improvements
And explain how to make it better
The place I'm going to tell you about is an abandoned park near where I live. It's located in a residential area. So, it's supposed to be a place where people enjoy spending their free time. However, it's not the case. The park occupies an area of around 1000 square meters, which is quite big. It's a shame that it's very poorly equipped. There are just some trees standing on the dry grass and there's no proper walk path. Therefore, it's not a lovely scene. I think several improvements should be made to it in order to better accommodate to the citizens' needs. First of all, I think a children's area should be set up, so that kids can have fun in it. There should be a swing, a slide and things like that. In addition, some new paths should be built so people can keep off the grass. Finally, to meet the needs of senior citizens, the park should have some benches, and preferably a little square. By adopting these changes, the park would become a popular place among people.
Yes, there are. Since Iran has a big population, there are many public areas for people to spend their time, such as parks, libraries, and shopping centers. These places are important because people need such places to socialize and do exercise.
2. Do you like to exercise in the public places, such as parks?
Yes, I enjoy doing sports in the parks, because I like the open air. Compared to working out at home or in the gym, I can be closer to nature. I can even make new friends who share the same hobbies when I play basketball or football in the parks.
3. Do older people or younger people prefer exercising in the public place?
In my opinion, they are equally interested. Maybe younger people prefer things like cycling, running and playing basketball when they are in the parks, whereas old people are more into playing chess. I don't think one age group likes it more than
Describe a situation when you had to be polite
You should say:
What situation it was
who were there
Why you had to be polite
And explain how you showed politeness
I remember this happened a year ago. At that time, I applied for a part time job as a staff member in Iran Khodro. I got the chance for the interview with the plant manager, and that was the situation in which I had to be really polite, otherwise, I wouldn't be recruited. So, on that day, I put on a business casual outfit and arrived about 15 minutes earlier than the agreed interview time. The interview actually took place in Iran Khodro, but as it was about 3 pm on a weekday, there weren't many people. I sat across the table from the manager. And I was extremely cautious about every movement I made, trying not to mess things up. I used very polite language to address him, and answered all the questions in a very formal fashion. In the end, I passed the interview successfully. The manager said I did very well in that interview later at work. It was a helpful experience for me.
The basic politeness is needed. You know, like respecting their private space and do not inquire about their personal affairs. We each is an independent individual, has our own minds and thoughts.
2. Are Iranian people becoming much politer or not?
I think people are mostly polite nowadays as they were in the past. Iranian people have a long tradition of being polite to each other. Though life is becoming more casual, the overall education level is improving, so people are maintaining this merit of showing politeness.
3. In what ways do Iranian people show politeness?
There are various ways. For example, people call their seniors at work and older people "Shoma", which is a more respectful way to say you than "To". And we speak to others politely by putting ourselves in a lower status than the person we speak to. We also provide better seats at meetings or dinner tables for people we respect.
4. What are the uncivilized manners on public transportation?
I've noticed some behaviors that are quite inappropriate. For example, some people talk very loudly on trains or buses, which disturbs other people. Also, I've seen some young people who were not willing to offer their seats to older people. It's a shame.
Describe a time that you saved money for something
You should say:
When it was
Why you saved money
How much you saved
And explain how you felt about it
Earlier this year, I saved money for a new computer I wanted to buy. Because I've had my old computer for 3 years, it became quite slow, which was annoying. So, I decided to buy the brand-new MacBook Pro. As a university student, I didn't have much money, the computer was a big expense for me. Therefore, I had to be on a budget. This is what I did: I made a plan for how much I could spend in terms of meals. I spent no more than 3000 Toomans per day on my food for two months, and I didn't eat any snacks. Every time I went shopping, I only bought the basic necessities, like stationary and toothpaste. When my friends asked me out for parties, I would politely turn them down, because I know parties meant all my previous savings were in vain. I even kept a record of all my spending on a phone app, so I could better monitor it. Those two months seemed very long, but when I finally bought the MacBook, I felt it was worth the effort.
I cannot get what I want for good. For instance, if I fancy Isfahan for a long time, and I really want to see the famous sights there, such as Chehel-Sotoon and Polle-Khajou. I have to save money for my plane tickets and my accommodation, otherwise Isfahan would always remain a dream to me.
2. Do you agree with the idea that the more you save, the better life will be?
No, I don't think so. Saving more means enjoying less. I cannot go to the music concerts that fascinate me. I cannot have beautiful dresses which impress me and I cannot go on the walking tours which relax me. The best way is keeping both ends meet, seize the day and carpe diem.
3. What is the best way of saving money?
Among the many ways of saving money, I think the most effective way is to increase your income, because when you are making more money, you will have more money left by the end of the month even if you don't try very hard to save it. But of course, we have to work hard to get a promotion in the first place.
4. Why do some people like to save money?
There're different reasons for saving money. Some people think saving money is a virtue, while other people may be short of funds for something they want to purchase. There are also people who just feel more secure if they have saved up enough money in their bank account.
5. Do young Iranians like to save money?
I think it depends on their financial status. For people from rich families, they don't really have to save, and they spend a lot of money on expensive clothes, luxury bags or even fancy cars. But generally speaking, the majority of young people save money because they are not financially well-off at this stage of life.
Describe a time that you were late
You should say:
When it was
What time you arrived
Why you were late
And explain how you felt
A year ago, in order to save money, I bought a cheap flight for my trip to Mashhad. The flight was to take off at 7 am, which was very early. I got up at half past four to get ready. The airport was about a one-hour drive from where I lived, so I could have caught my plane. Unfortunately, the taxi I ordered from the day before arrived about 20 minutes late to pick me up. So even though the driver drove very fast, we arrived at the terminal at around 6:30. The personnel told me that the boarding gate for my flight had already been closed. I was very frustrated when I heard this. I called the airline and they told me I could pay an extra fee of about 80000 Toomans for another flight which was to take off 3 hours later. There was nothing I could do but to pay that money. So, I have never bought any early flights. I don't want to be in a rush and risk missing my flight again.
It depends on the actual situation. If it's a very important appointment or meeting, then I won't be happy about it. But if it's just a casual meeting, then I can tolerate and forgive those who are late.
2. What would you do if others are late?
Well, for important meetings or interviews, I would make good use of the time to prepare for the upcoming event. But for my friends, I might urge them to be quick, or I would just listen to some music to kill time.
3. Why do some people are used to being late?
If they are used to being late, then they probably weren't taught the importance of being punctual. These people may find excuses every time they are late. In this case, they should learn how to respect other people by not wasting people's precious time.
4. Would you like to make plans or just let things happen?
I'd like to make plans. For example, in order to get high marks in final examinations, I do some preparation beforehand. I would search the internet, read the related information and buy Past Years' Exam Papers. So, I will definitely have a thorough plan for what I want to do.
5. Do you think it's important to be punctual?
Yes, I think it is very important to be punctual. At work, for instance, if I were late every day during my internship, then I would not stay long in the company. At a party, if I weren't there on time, and everybody waited, the meals became cold, then it wouldn't be a happy gathering.
Describe a toy you had in your childhood
You should say:
When you had the toy
Who gave you the toy
What it was like
And explain how you felt about the toy
One of the toys I had as a child was a remote-control toy car. My uncle gave it to me on my birthday, probably my seventh birthday. It was quite big actually, about 40 centimeters long and 20 centimeters wide and it was of a slightly reddish color. The overall appearance of the car was very cool, and it looked really dynamic. There was a remote control that came with it, which was for controlling the movement of the car, obviously. There was something like a joystick on the control, as well as 3 buttons. I remember when I first got it, I was so happy that I jumped into the air. And every day after school, I would take it to the park near my home to show it to my friends, because I was so proud. My dad told me it was good for my hand and eye coordination. It took me about half a year until I got bored with it, but it' s one of the best toys I had.
No, I don't think so. Normally, girls prefer something cute, Barbie dolls, for example. Girls can dress them with beautiful clothes or shinning earrings and the pink head bands, making the dolls look like princesses while boys are different. They like something stronger and powerful, like cars, guns or the superman toys.
2. What do you think of the advantages and disadvantages of having too many toys at home?
I want to say disadvantages first. I have a nephew who is having too many toys at home. My aunt has to put them in order every time he meddles with his toys. Besides, the prices of quality toys are shocking high. So, having too many toys at home is a waste of time and money. With regards to advantages, I think having what they desired would make them much happier. It is really a luxury.
3. What can parents do if they can't afford a toy for their kids?
If they can't afford a toy, they can make one themselves. Some toys are easy to make, and there are tutorials online, so it's practical for parents to do so. The toys parents make are even more meaningful because children can see the effort their parents put into it. So, they will cherish them.
4. Do children like to play with toys or computer games nowadays?
An increasing number of children prefer playing computer games these days, which I believe is bad news for the toy business. The computer games for children are designed very interactive and they suit children's preference, but being addicted to playing computer games is harmful for their eyes and their studies.
5. Why do children like to have toys in their life?
Toys such as toy cars or Barbie dolls are fun for children. Because children are full of curiosity about the world, toys offer them a way to use their hands as well as their ideas to express themselves and explore different kinds of possibilities with their capacity.
Describe something you enjoy doing with an old person in your family
You should say:
Who this person is
How often you are together
What you do together
And explain why you like to do this activity together
I'm going to talk about chess . I enjoy playing it with my grandfather. He is really good at it, so some chess lovers from our neighborhood sometimes come over to play with him. He was the one who taught me how to play chess . When I was young, we played two or three times a week because we lived together. Since I went to high school, I'd been busy with schoolwork till I graduated from university. Therefore, I couldn't play as often as before. Now, I hardly ever play with my grandfather, because I go to school in another city. We only play about two or three times a year, I guess. And of course, my skills can't possibly match my grandfather's. But it brings back my childhood memories whenever I play it with him. He is getting older and less healthy, I wish I could have more time to be with him. Playing chess is also an activity that practices our brains which is beneficial, especially for older people.
Yes. I think so. Nowadays, our leisure time is stolen by the mass media, such as mobile phones, computers, television and the newspapers. In Iran, most teenagers prefer chatting on the Internet or texting their friends as their free time activities. And our parents like to watch TV or listen to the radio in their spare time. So, we barely have any chance to spend quality time with each other.
2. Do Iranian families like to arrange indoor or outdoor activities?
For my family, for instance, we like to arrange indoor activities. My family is large, with more than ten people. So, it's tricky for the seniors if we do outdoor activities, such as going hiking or summer outing, they have to prepare meals in advance and take care of the juniors all the time along the road. While arranging indoor activities is much simpler. We usually have a meal at home together on a regular basis, then watch TV and chew the fat. I think it is a good way to improve our relationship.
3. What's the most important thing that young people can learn from old people?
I think the most important thing that young people can learn is how to make important decisions. Young people tend to make impulsive decisions due to lack of experience. And because old people have very rich life experience, they can show young people what things to consider before making crucial decisions.
4. Do young people like to live with old people in your country?
I don't think so. Young people and old people usually have very different lifestyles, so they are not likely to get along very well. In order to avoid problems caused by generation gap, young people prefer living with people their own age.
5. How much time should parents spend with their children every day?
It depends on the children's age. For younger kids, parents should spend more time taking care of them and accompanying them, so the children can get more love from their parents. But for older kids or teenagers, parents can spend less time with them, so they can be more independent.
Describe an exciting book
You should say:
What the name of the book is
What type of book it is
How you knew this book
And explain why you like to recommend this book to your friend
I’m going to tell you about a book I’ve been reading recently. The book is called The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat.
It’s a slightly unusual book and I’m not sure how you would categorise it. In a way it’s a medical case history – or a collection of them. It’s written by a Professor of Neurology I think – he’s certainly not a professional author. And it’s just the stories of some of the more unusual patients he’s treated. Each chapter is about a different patient. All of them have something wrong with their brain and think in a strange way. For instance, the character who gave his name to the title of the book cannot distinguish people from objects and actually did think his wife was a hat and tried to put her on his head!
I tend to read the book in the evenings or on the train in the morning. I like to read before I go to bed – I find it relaxing and it’s a quiet time when I can concentrate on what I’m reading. I suppose I read on the train for a different reason – there’s nothing else to do but look out of the window. The only problem is that the carriage is normally pretty noisy with other passengers talking and it’s much harder to concentrate.
This is actually the second time I’m reading the book. I first read it about 3 years ago and I enjoyed it so much I decided to read it again and it wouldn’t surprise me if I read it for a third time too.
Why do I like it so much? There are plenty of reasons. It’s an intelligent book that makes you think. I enjoy books like that. I also prefer non-fiction to fiction as I think that’s more stimulating and I certainly prefer reading to watching the television.
Speaking of exciting books, I want to talk about Diary of Grave Robbery. I read it when I was in high school. I was a little stressed out from schoolwork, so I decided to read some fictions to relax in my free time. Diary of Grave Robbery was considered very successful among the online literature in the US. It even became a bestseller and was later made into a movie. Many of my friends were reading it, and they recommended it to me. It’s an adventure story about grave robberies but it can also be categorized as a suspicion. The plot is really exciting because many weird things happened in it. Sometimes the story could even be a little creepy. I read it because I needed something to entertain myself. And the book was something different from other boring love stories. So it was my first option, and it didn’t let me down. It was fascinating and exciting enough for me to forget about my stress at school. On weekends, I could read it for a whole morning.
Well, it's quite hard to say exactly but I guess not less for sure 'cause more people can afford to read nowadays thanks to e-books which have a low price. I can also say that more and more people feel some 'reading hunger', some of them for classical literature but most for professional and business books which help them bolster their networking, leadership and time-management skills. One more factor which makes me think that people read more these days is the fact that it's easy to pick reading material on the Internet from the Internet junk to worthy literature. So, present-day people definitely read more, to my mind.
2. Do you read before going to bed?
Oh, yeah, almost daily except for those days when I am too tired to do anything before sleep. I guess reading enhances my sleep, it helps my mind separate my sleep time from the stresses of daily living, it relaxes me and lets me enjoy a higher quality of sleep throughout the night. What is more, if I read some light romantic literature before going to bed, I always set my mind for pleasant dreams and, as a result, have a great mood the following morning, which is wonderful.
3. How will e-books affect paper books?
Well, more and more people will switch to screens in the coming years, I guess, but I don't think paper books will disappear entirely. Print will exist, but it will be in a different realm and will appeal to a very limited audience. I don't think that printed books will eventually join the ranks of clay tablets, scrolls and typewritten pages but it may well be that one day there will come a point when print just doesn't make a lot of sense. That's it.
4. What's the difference between films and books?
Well, first of all, books give in-depth understanding of characters and plot while movies are more a kind of summary of books. What is more, while reading a book we pay attention to every line, imagine how things are going and create the scenes in our heads in fine detail. When it comes to movies we just see everything as it is without giving our imagination a chance to fill our heads with amazing pictures which usually far exceed the visual effects displayed in movies. And the last difference I should mention is the fact that watching a is quite quick while reading a book is a lengthy process which makes us even more involved in the plot and extends our pleasure.
5. Which group would read more, young people or old people?
Speaking of reading, I think it can be a lifelong hobby. But personally
I think old people read more than young people. For one thing, old people tend to have more free time to read. Young people are usually occupied with work and study, while old people are often idle after retirement. For another, there are more choices of entertainment for young people, such as going to the movies, having fun at amusement parks. But old people enjoy more relaxing things, reading is a good choice for them.
6. What’s the difference between men and women in their reading habits?
When it comes to reading, men and women can be quite different.
Generally speaking, women read more than man. And men tend to read more nonfiction books than fiction books while the opposite holds true for women. Maybe it’s because women are usually more sentimental and fiction can be more appealing to them. Men, on the other hand, prefer books about history, business and biographies.
7. Do you prefer books or movies?
I prefer books. Books give us more room for imagination, which allows us to come up with anything we want in our head based on the words. In other words, things can be perfect in the books. But when a book is made into a movie, it sometimes disappoints us. Because it’s very hard for movie directors to present us a story that can meet our expectations, and the plot is usually less specific because there’s a time limit for movies.
8. Which gender reads more, male or female?
As far as I know, female tend to read more than male. Generally speaking, men are more physically active, so compared to women, they are more likely to involve in other dynamic activities like playing sports. However, women usually find reading a very nice way to spend their time, so they like to read or write more than men. This could be shown at an early age. Girls can sit and read for a much longer period of time than boys.
9. Is it necessary for parents to read stories to their children?
I think so. When parents read stories to their children, especially when the children are young, it can help develop their children’s listening, speaking and comprehension skills of languages. It can also make their children become interested in literature. Plus, it’s a very sweet thing to do and it can improve the relationship between parents and their children.
Describe an important event that you celebrated
You should say:
What it was
Where it happened
Why it was important
And explain how people felt about it
The important event that I remember celebrating was when my family moved into our new apartment. This happened a year ago in my hometown, in Shiraz. My family had lived in our old home for as long as I could remember. So, it was exciting for us to be able to move to a new place. We had a big house warming party. A lot of relatives from our extended family were invited , such as my uncles, aunts and cousins . There were about 15 people altogether. The house was decorated with balloons and everything. It was of a very lively atmosphere. People were all talking and eating at the table. My relatives all said our new home was beautiful and comfortable. I felt really happy and excited that day because it was one of the rare occasions when our big family could get together. We took a group photo together after dinner and this photo is kept in my family album. It reminds me of the wonderful party that day.
In my view, the most important part for being a teenager is that not afraid of being a loser. To be young, means having thousands of possibilities. We can try whatever we want. I mean, trying different jobs to find what really obsesses us and stick to it in the rest of our life.
2. What events do Iranian people like to celebrate?
I think we like to celebrate for important matters like the birth of a new child, the marriage of a new couple or something like that. We will never miss out a celebration when anything happy happens.
3. Do you like to plan for an important meeting or activity?
To be honest, I'm not really the kind of person who plans things very carefully. I prefer playing it by ear. But if it's an important occasion, I will let someone else do the planning and I take active part in it.
4. Who is the most important person in your life?
The most important people in my life are my family members. They are the ones who would be there to help me and support me when I'm faced with difficulties and challenges. Their unconditional love drives me forward and I try my best to love and protect them.
5. In your country, do you think good appearance is important while finding a job?
I have to admit that appearance is a factor that interviewers will take into account from candidates, especially for jobs like store clerks, because they will directly meet the customers and clients. However, I think the most important quality is not having a good appearance, but the ability to perform the tasks at work with good efficiency.
Describe an important skill which cannot be learned at school
You should say:
What the skill is
Why it cannot be learned at school
why it is important
And explain how we learned it
The skill that I think is important is how to take care of our home. Sadly, it's not really something we can learn at school, since it's not in the university syllabus. Schools are more focused on specific areas which will benefit us in our future work. However, when it comes to taking care of our home, one has to refer to other channels. This skill includes basic things like how to cook a simple meal, how to pay bills, how to tidy the rooms and how to manage the household budgets. These are actually very important for overall life satisfaction, because if we don't know how to handle these issues, our life will be a mess. Fortunately, there are many ways for us to sharpen this skill. Life itself is the best and perhaps the only classroom for it. Only by really experiencing these things can we master this useful skill which will benefit us for a lifetime. I' m now quite good at since I became aware of its importance.
Nursing, translating and computer programming. Firstly, Iran has the largest number of people in the region, with around ten million aging population, which requires plenty of nursing staff. Secondly, our foreign trade is continuously expanding, thus requires a large quantity of language talents. Thirdly, technology has revolutionized the way we live, nearly everything we do now is related to computer, so programming is quite popular in Iran.
2. Does technology deeply affect people's life?
It definitely does. Technology has changed many aspects of our life in different ways. We rely on technology to improve our work efficiency and life quality. For example, computers and smartphones have become so common that they are indispensable in our life.
3. Is it necessary for teenagers to learn to use computers?
Yes. I think so. Computers are very useful tools in modern world. Learning some basic computer skills is necessary for everybody, so that they can work and live with better efficiency. Teenagers can learn to use computers very fast and they can use computers to search for useful information online for their studies or hobbies.
4. What skill do you want to learn soon?
I want to learn some basic coding. Since online business is so popular these days, there's a big demand for coders in the job market. And even if I don't become a computer programmer, this skill is a strong plus in this information age.
5. What qualities do you think are the most important for work?
I think the most important qualities for work are passion and integrity. If people have passion, they are always ready to function, and they are more productive than others. Integrity is also a very important trait, since honesty is the best policy for everything we do. We can gain people's trust, and that is one of the keys to success.
Describe a good service you received
You should say:
What the service was
When and where you received the service
Whom you were together with
And explain why you think it was a good service
I received this great service on a plane. It was half a year ago when I flew from Tehran to Shiraz with my dad. Even though it was summer, we felt cold once we boarded the plane because of the air conditioning in the cabin. The flight attendants brought everybody a small blanket, so we didn't feel cold anymore. Later, when the food and beverages were served, there were big smiles on all cabin crew's faces. And they spoke to us in a very gentle and elegant manner, asking us what we would like to eat and drink. Unlike some other airlines, they offered passengers more food choices . For drinks, they had tea, coffee, apple juice, lemonade, mineral water, so it could cater to the needs of different passengers . Later, I felt thirsty again and I turned on the service light. A flight attendant came quickly, asking about my needs, then returned with a bottle of water. Both my dad and I were very satisfied with that service. So that airline has been my first choice when I buy plane tickets.
No. I'm quite satisfied with my current job. I'd like to continue progressing in this field and see myself in a more senior role. Besides, this position gives me the opportunity to gain new skills and techniques which will help me to advance. So, for the moment, I won't consider other choices.
2. Why do some older people want to be waiters in the big cities?
Some senior citizens feel lonely being at home all day, especially those without children around. They want to continue their work or do some simple ones, such as waiters, to show their value and to get together with their fellow members who have the common interests and equal free time.
3. Do you think that all the waiters should be given training classes?
Yes. Waiters are very important staff in restaurants. They directly provide service to the customers. So, in order to offer satisfactory service and build a good reputation for the restaurants, waiters should be given adequate training classes. For example, they should be trained to talk politely and even serve the food in a graceful manner.
4. How do you deal with impolite waiters?
If I encountered an impolite waiter, I would make a complaint to the restaurant manager. I think the manager will listen to me and stand on my vantage point in order to maintain a good reputation for the restaurant. Maybe I could even get a free dessert for helping them improve their service.
5. What kinds of service are not good?
In my opinion, the ones that are slow and the ones that need the customers to explain their issue multiple times are bad. Just imagine that you have to wait for more than half an hour before the food is served at a restaurant, or that you need to tell the agent to change the plan over and over again before he or she gets it right. These kinds of service are totally unbearable.
Describe something you learned in a place or from someone
You should say:
What it was
Where or from whom you learned it
What the situation was
And explain how you felt about it
One thing I learned quite recently is cooking fish. I learned it from my roommate. She is quite experienced in cooking as she started to learn it since she was in middle school. The food she cooks is so delicious that I even gained weight after we became roommates, which is the side effect. One weekend, we stayed home, and she cooked this fish dish for lunch. It was so yummy. I'd never had anything like it. So, I asked her to teach me how to make it, and she agreed joyfully. So, I bought another fish for dinner that day. She gave me instructions on how to prepare it step by step. I had to really concentrate so that I didn't miss a thing and I followed exactly what she told me to do. In the end, the wonderful smell coming from the dish made my mouth water. It was a little too salty, but I was satisfied. Now, I've cooked that fish dish many times, so I'm much better at it. When I cooked it for my family, they were really amazed.
Honestly speaking, I am not a patient person. If I teach others how to do something, and they don't understand what I was saying. I will be a little upset and lose my interest soon. So, in this way, you can say that I don't like to teach others. But there are lees to every wine. And I am trying to get over it little by little.
2. What is the most effective way for self- learning?
As far as I am concerned, watching related videos and writing down key points is the most effective way for self-learning. The development of Internet did bring countless comfort and convenience to our life. And one is that we have access to any program that interests us. Then we can pay for them and begin self-learning.
3. How can we help old people learn?
I think the most important thing is that we have to be patient. Older people usually have poorer eyesight and hearing, so it might be necessary for us to explain the target knowledge to them over and over again. Besides, we should use more body language and demonstrative approaches, instead of using all those multimedia gadgets.
4. Do people in your country like to take online courses?
Online courses are gaining popularity these years, due to its convenience and reasonable price. Many people are now taking online English classes with foreign tutors at the convenience of staying at home. I think this trend will continue to grow in the future.
5. What kinds of teaching methods are suitable for old people?
I think the face-to-face teaching is the most suitable method for teaching old people. Unlike young people, old people are not as good with computer and other gadgets, so it's better to use the more down-to-earth approach which involves more illustration as well as demonstration.
Describe a time when someone visited your home
You should say:
Who he or she was
When it happened
What you did
And explain how you felt about the visit
When I was in the third year of high school, once my teacher visited my home. She was responsible for recording performance of all students in the class. I was very nervous at that time because I was afraid that my parents and my teacher would tell each other about my bad performance or behavior both at home and school. When my teacher arrived at the door, I introduced her to my parents. After that I made her a cup of tea. I tried to behave very politely. Then we all sat at the table, and I knew the critical moment had come. I was ready to be the subject of their conversation. But it was a relief that the talk turned out to be quite casual. Both parties said they were pleased about me, although they did think I should make more effort in my studies, especially in my math. Before my teacher left, I thanked her for paying us a visit. This experience was memorable for me.
It varies. If the friend I am going to visit is free during the day and occupied at night, then a daytime visit is a good choice, and vice versa. I don't want to ruin the good chance of being together and relaxing ourselves.
2. How do you make new friends?
I think I'm quite easy to get along with, so whenever I come to a different place, I will always make new friends. For example, during the five-day internship at a provincial department of commerce, I met some lovely and excellent friends. We shared common interests. We like binge watching and like doing outdoor activities. So, most of the time we stayed together and naturally we became friends.
3. Do young people like to visit their friends nowadays?
Well, I don't think young people visit each other a lot, because they don't usually have their own places. They either stay with their parents or roommates. So, they prefer going out for fun together, like going to a movie.
4. What do Iranian people usually do when hanging out together?
There are all sorts of things people can do together. I think the most popular ones are eating out in the restaurants, going to movies, shopping and hiking. We never run out of things to do as long as we are with the right people.
5. Do you think technology has brought us closer or not?
Generally speaking, yes. We now have more ways to stay in touch thanks to the advancement of technology. Everybody has a smartphone now. We also travel much faster than before because of the planes and high-speed trains, so we get to see our friends and family more. So, I think technology has brought us closer.
Describe your favorite season of the year
You should say:
What it is
When it is
What you do
An explain why you like it
My favorite season of the year is summer. In our country, summer usually starts in mid-June and ends in mid September. It is the warmest season of the whole year, or you can say it's the hottest, which means I don't have to wear heavy clothes. Apart from that, summer is also a perfect time for water sports. I'm fond of different kinds of water sports, swimming, snorkeling, surfing, to name just a few. So, every summer, I go to the pool two or three times a week. I really enjoy dipping myself in the water. Whenever I have a chance, I go to the beach. Besides, we also have the longest holiday from school in summer, about two months long. So, we can also go traveling with friends or family. Last summer, my friends and I went to Ardebil. We ate lots of delicious ice creams there. For these reasons, summer is the season that I love the most.
To stop the rise of global warming, we can take public transportation instead of driving cars, and prefer environmental-friendly shopping bags rather than disposable plastic bags. Last but not the least, value rainforests and sustainable agriculture.
2. What are the possible results if temperature continues going up?
As far as I am concerned, with a gradual increase in the average temperature, lakes will be disappearing, then our drinking water supply is at risk. Weather will be worsening, then our grocery prices are spiking. Bark beetles will double, then the mountain trees are dooming. All in all, the climate change will bring grave consequences.
3. How do you feel about the climate in recent years?
I think the air pollution is getting worse, so the weather in winter is really terrible, especially in big cities, where the sky is always gray. But I don't think global warming is affecting us that much, because the winters are still quite cold in recent years.
4. Do you like to go outside when winter comes?
Actually, I do. I kind of like cold weather, especially when it snows. I can go out and build a snowman or have a snowball fight with my friends. I just have to put on very warm clothes, maybe also a hat and mittens so I won't catch a cold.
5. Do you think weather has an influence on people's mood?
Definitely. I think most people will feel somewhat gloomy or down if it keeps raining for days and nights, and when the weather clears up, they will feel happy because they can finally go out and do outdoor activities.