Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Should parents be made to immunize their children?

Many childhood diseases can now be prevented through the use of vaccines. Should parents be made by law to immunize their children against common diseases or should individuals have the right to choose not to immunize their children? The first reason: Preventive medicine is most effective, lives saved, diseases such as … reduced The second reason: Immunization is part of human progress, have better hygiene and better medical program, we don’t want to go backwards The third reason: No vaccines; therefore diseases return, law needed

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Childhood obesity

Childhood obesity is becoming a serious problem in many countries. Explain the main causes and effects of this problem, and suggest some possible solutions. Causes: eat junk food e.g. hamburgers, chips, McDonald’s / drink sugary soft drinks lack of exercise / sedentary life style/physical activity contributes to the obesity problem Effects: these problems lead to obesity / children are overweight, unhealthy, unfit a higher risk of diseases e.g. diabetes, heart disease, cancer put a strain on hospitals / they will be a burden on

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Regular driving tests throughout a driver’s life

There are more cars on the roads these days and more accidents. As a result, some politicians have suggested that people should take regular driving tests throughout their lives, rather than one single test.  What do you think the advantages of repeating driving tests are? Do these outweigh the disadvantages? Give reasons for your answer. Advantages (merits or profits): Useful in case of older drivers Good for people who don’t drive regularly Keep drivers up-to-date with road rules Raises driving standards May prevent

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Advantages and disadvantages of globalisation

It has been said that the world is becoming a global village in which there are no boundaries to trade and communication. Do the benefits of globalisation outweigh the drawbacks? Positives (advantages or pros) of globalisation: Business is becoming increasingly international. A global economy means free trade between countries. This can strengthen political relationships. Globalisation can also create opportunities for employment. It encourages investment in less developed countries. It could reduce poverty in the developing world. Negatives (disadvantages or cons) of

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Are we more dependent than the past?

Some people think that in the modern world we have become more dependent on each other, while others think that people are now more independent. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. First view (we have become more dependent): Life is more difficult and expensive, and we are less self- sufficient Young people rely on their parents for longer Unemployed people receive state benefits Our jobs are much more specialised, and we need to work in teams Second view (we are more

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Role of robots in future

Some people believe that robots will play an important role in future societies, while others argue that robots might have negative effects on society. Discuss both views and give your opinion. First view (Positive effects): do manual jobs quickly e.g. factory, packing cheap labour, more productive, no breaks (jobs that are boring, difficult for people) create free, extra time for people to spend doing what they want make life easier, improve our quality of life Second view (Negative effects): become dependent on robots,

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Health care for all

The quality of health care a person receives should not depend on the size of their bank balance. The government is responsible for providing a high level of health care for all its citizens. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? For Health is a fundamental right Good hospitals are governmental responsibility A healthy population is vital to national interest Against Health is the responsibility of the individual Ageing population makes health care impractical

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Animal testing

As public safety is of the highest importance, it is often necessary to test new products on animals. It is better for a few animals to suffer than for human life to be placed at risk by untested products. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? For Realistic tests are necessary Better than animals suffer than humans Tests are necessary to find cure, medical breakthroughs Against Not all animal tests are important Animals have rights Often computer simulations are possible

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Role of the Internet

The internet will bring about a new freedom of information and so narrow the technology gap between developed and developing countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? For World-wide communication possible Greater access to information Makes copyright laws harder to enforce, so harder to keep new technology secret Difficult to censor Against Only the rich can afford to access the Internet Computing skills are necessary to operate the internet, so a new technology gap develops

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: School uniforms should be abolished

School uniforms should be abolished in all schools. To what extent you agree or disagree with this statement. For  1. Uniforms are expensive so not having to buy them saves money 2. Children can be more individual Against 1. Uniforms reduce inequality, feeling of jealousy 2. Uniforms teach discipline

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Task 2

Writing task 2 Brainstorm: Banning smoking

Some businesses now say that no one can smoke cigarettes in any of their offices. Some governments have banned smoking in all public places. This is a good idea but it also takes away some of our freedom. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answer. Reasons for (only): Health dangers to smokers and non-smokers Financial loss Smokers can still smoke in special areas (smoking areas) Banning smoking is good for public health

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